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Senate Republicans Block Plan For Independent Commission On Jan. 6 Capitol Riot

An image of a mob of Trump supporters who stormed the Capitol in January 2021. They are waving American and Trump flags.
On Jan. 6, a mob of Trump supporters stormed the Capitol, breaking windows and clashing with police officers, delaying Congress' certification of Joe Biden's Electoral College victory over President Donald Trump in the 2020 election.
(Spencer Platt
Getty Images)
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Bipartisan legislation to establish an independent commission to investigate the Jan. 6 attack on the U.S. Capitol has failed in the Senate, as Republicans staged their first filibuster since President Biden took office to block the plan.

The final vote was 54-35, but Republicans withheld the votes necessary to bring the bill up for debate. Just six GOP senators joined with the Democrats on Friday, leaving the measure short of the 60 votes needed to proceed.

The proposed commission was modeled on the one established to investigate the 9/11 attacks — with 10 commissioners, five Democrats and five Republicans, who would have subpoena powers. A Democratic chair and Republican vice chair would have had to approve all subpoenas, with a final report due at the end of the year.

The measure was approved by the House 252-175 earlier this month, with 35 Republicans joining all Democrats in support of the plan.

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But Senate Republicans, led by Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, were deeply skeptical of the commission in the days leading up to the vote. McConnell has dismissed the proposal as a "purely political exercise," given that two Senate committees are already looking into the events of Jan. 6. In remarks from the Senate floor Thursday, McConnell called into question how much more a commission would be able to unearth.

"I do not believe the additional, extraneous commission that Democratic leaders want would uncover crucial new facts or promote healing," the Kentucky Republican said. "Frankly, I do not believe it is even designed to."

Others, like Senate Minority Whip John Thune, have voiced concern about a commission distracting from the party's message heading into the 2022 midterm elections. "A lot of our members ... want to be moving forward," the South Dakota Republican told CNN last week. "Anything that gets us rehashing to 2020 elections is, I think, a day lost."

Former President Donald Trump has been another vocal critic, and has attacked the effort to create the panel as a "Democrat trap." Had the commission moved forward, Trump likely would have been called to testify over his role in inciting the insurrection and his administration's response to the attack.

In remarks on the Senate floor Wednesday, Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., belittled Republican arguments about the political implications of a Jan. 6 commission.

"I'm sorry if an independent commission to study an attack on our democracy isn't a Republican ad-maker's idea of a good time," Schumer said. "This is too important, too important. We cannot let the Big Lie fester. We cannot let faith in our elections continue to erode. We must get at the truth, and restore Americans' confidence in this beautiful, noble ongoing experiment in democracy."

The lack of sufficient Republican support came despite a last-minute push by Maine's Susan Collins, one of the most moderate Republicans in the Senate, to rally support within the GOP caucus.

"I want to see a commission. We need a commission. There are a lot of unanswered questions," Collins told reporters on Wednesday.

The push for a commission included an appeal by Gladys Sicknick, the mother of fallen Capitol Police Officer Brian Sicknick, who fought to fend off the mob that breached the Capitol complex on Jan. 6 and died one day later.

Sicknick traveled to Capitol Hill on Thursday to personally lobby Republican holdouts. In a statement to Politico on Wednesday, she said not having a commission to investigate the attack would be "a slap in the faces of all the officers who did their jobs that day."

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Asked why she wanted to see a commission established, Sicknick told NPR, "Because my son is dead, and I want to know why."

The Washington, D.C., medical examiner said last month that Sicknick died from a series of strokes, but the Capitol Police still consider his death one that came in the line of duty. Officer Sicknick is one of five people who died either during the attack or shortly after.

Among those who met with Sicknick was Sen. Lisa Murkowski, R-Alaska, who supported the commission. Speaking with reporters Thursday, Murkowski said Republicans needed to avoid "making a decision for the short-term political gain at the expense of understanding and acknowledging what was in front of us on Jan. 6."

She continued: "Is that really what this is about, that everything is just one election cycle after another?"

It's not clear where Congress goes from here. Both the Rules Committee and the Homeland Security Committee in the Senate have investigations underway focused on the response to the insurrection by police and the National Guard, but neither are focused on the events leading to the incitement of the attack.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., could move to form a select committee to conduct an investigation, but would likely face difficulty finding any Republican support.

Claudia Grisales contributed to this story.

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