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White House Reverses Decision And OKs Wildfire Aid For California

A truck burns during the Glass Fire in Calistoga, California on October 1, 2020. (JOSH EDELSON/AFP via Getty Images)
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This story was written by Scott Neuman for NPR.

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In a reversal, the White House has approved California's request for federal disaster relief for wildfire recovery, Gov. Gavin Newsom said Friday.

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California is dealing with the damage caused by wildfires that have burned through nearly 3,000 square miles, killing at least three people and destroying nearly 1,000 homes.

In a statement from the Federal Emergency Management Agency, press secretary Lizzie Litzow had said that damage assessments conducted by the agency had determined the fires last month "were not of such severity and magnitude to exceed the combined capabilities of the state, affected local governments, voluntary agencies and other responding federal agencies."

But Newsom announcedFriday afternoon that he had spoken with President Trump by phone and that the aid was approved. "Grateful for his quick response," said Newsom.

A burned truck sits in front of the Castello Di Amorosa Winery as the Glass Fire continues to burn in Calistoga, California on October 1, 2020. (JOSH EDELSON/AFP via Getty Images)

California asked for federal assistance in recovering from fires that have ravaged nearly 2 million acres - the Creek Fire in Fresno and Madera counties, the Valley Fire in San Diego County, San Bernardino County's El Dorado Fire, the Slater Fire in Siskiyou County, the Oak Fire in Mendocino County and the Bobcat Fire in Los Angeles County.

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The Creek Fire alone - the state's largest-ever single fire, not counting fire complexes -- damaged more than 550 structures and forced nearly 25,000 people to evacuate, according to Gov. Gavin Newsom.

The initial rejection, which comes after FEMA granted other fire-related relief to California in August, had raised questions about the administration's motive, given President Trump's frequent public sparring with California officials over the wildfires.

At an August rally in Pennsylvania, for instance, Trump seemed to telegraph that he might rejectCalifornia's requests for wildfire aid: "Maybe we're just going to have to make them pay for it because they don't listen to us."

The Bobcat Fire burns in the Angeles National Forest on September 21, 2020. (FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP via Getty Images)

In a letter to the president requesting the latest aid, Newsom estimated $346 million would be needed for the fires, with $200 million to be earmarked for the Creek Fire.

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FEMA has previously turned down requests from other states on a similar rationale as the one provided to California -- including an application in June from Texas for $190 million in aid for tornado damage dating from last year. Requests from Minnesota and South Dakota have also been rejected, according to the San Francisco Chronicle.

The frequency and intensity of wildfires in California have been attributed in part to climate change -- something Trump has repeatedly downplayed or denied. The president, during a visit last month to the state, was pressed by California Secretary for Natural Resources Wade Crowfoot about the role of climate change in the fires, the most intense in the state's history. Trump replied: "I don't think science knows" what is happening.

A firefighter walks away from flames as they move through trees during the Glass Fire in Calistoga on October 1, 2020. (JOSH EDELSON/AFP via Getty Images)

During the visit, the president also repeated a claim that California's wildfires are caused by poor forest management: "When trees fall down after a short period of time, they become very dry -- really like a matchstick," he said. "And they can explode. Also leaves. When you have dried leaves on the ground, it's just fuel for the fires."

Some 60% of California's forested lands -- or 33 million acres -- are publicly owned, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

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In a statement provided to NPR before the reversal, White House spokesman Judd Deere noted that the president had previously "quickly approved relief" for the state, including money this week that authorized "an increase in the level of Federal funding to 100% for debris removal and emergency protective measures undertaken as a result of the wildfires, beginning August 14, 2020, and continuing."

"The more recent and separate California submission was not supported by the relevant data that States must provide for approval and the President concurred with the FEMA Administrator's recommendation," Deere said.